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Dividend Dates Explained: Ex-Date, Record & Payment

Dividends are usually paid in cash, however, they can also be in other forms such as property, or shares. Other entities such as mutual funds or ETFs can pay dividends or distributions to their owners. As long as you’re on the company’s books as a shareholder on the record date, you can sell your shares that day and receive your dividend. To be recognized as a shareholder on the record date, you must have bought your shares at some point before the ex-dividend date (which is one business day before the record date).

In the past, the investor needed to purchase the stock two days before the record date or one day before the ex-date to qualify. However, as of September 2017, it was shortened to one business day before the record date or on the ex-dividend date. Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance.

Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Founded in 1993, The Motley Fool is a financial services company dedicated to making the world smarter, happier, and richer.

  1. An investor who purchases shares on or before Wednesday, Feb. 16 will be a shareholder of record on Feb. 18 and will receive the dividend to be paid on March 14.
  2. The SEC T+2 rule for the timing of the settlement of trades calls for stock transactions to settle (or be completed) no more than two days after a transaction takes place.
  3. Discover dividend stocks matching your investment objectives with our advanced screening tools.
  4. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data.
  5. In general, both are important because they are two of the four dates in the dividend payout process that every investor should be aware of.
  6. To better estimate your future dividend income, be sure to check out our Dividend Assistant tool.

The payment date (or “pay date”) is the day when the dividend checks will actually be mailed to the shareholders of a company or credited to brokerage accounts. Learn more about dividend stocks, including information about important dividend dates, the advantages of dividend stocks, dividend yield, and much more in our financial education center. You must be a shareholder on or before the next ex-dividend date to receive the upcoming dividend. Schedule monthly income from dividend stocks with a monthly payment frequency. The fourth and final stage is the payable date, also known as the payment date. The payable date is when the dividend is actually paid to eligible shareholders.

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The record date is when the company determines which shareholders are entitled to a dividend. With the announcement, the company stated that the new quarterly dividend would be paid on April 3 to shareholders of record on March 17. If you’re looking to receive dividends, knowing when to buy, sell, and hold a dividend-paying stock is important. You’ll need to buy before the ex-dividend date and sell on the ex-dividend date or after if you hope to receive the dividend for that stock. If you buy after the ex-dividend date, however, you may still be able to take advantage of market adjustments that usually factor in the dividend, reducing the purchase price accordingly. While it might seem to make sense to buy before the ex-dividend date so you can receive the dividend, buying after has perks, too.

If the underlying stock declares a dividend while an investor has shorted the stock, the investor is on the hook to pay the dividend to the owner of the shares. Administratively, the third-party brokerage firm also handles this payment transaction. Here’s how the record date and ex-dividend date would work in the overall dividend payout process. Investors can narrow down their stock investment search by screening, comparing and analyzing the vast universe of dividend-paying stocks.

How Many Days Before the Record Date Is the Ex-Dividend Date?

Investors who purchase a stock on its ex-dividend date or after will not receive the next dividend payment. Investors only get dividends if they buy the stock before the ex-dividend date. If a company issues a dividend in stock instead of cash or the cash dividend is 25% or more of the value of the stock, the ex-dividend date rules differ. With a stock or large cash dividend, the ex-dividend date is set on the first business day after the dividend is paid.

Will I a Get Dividend If I Sell Before the Ex-Date?

An investor who purchases shares on or before Wednesday, Feb. 16 will be a shareholder of record on Feb. 18 and will receive the dividend to be paid on March 14. An investor who purchases shares on or after Feb. 17 will not be entitled to the dividend. There are instances when the ex-dividend date actually appears later in the dividend payment process. This can happen when a declared dividend equals 25% or more of the value of the stock. In such circumstances, the ex-dividend date is set at one business day after the payable date. The payment goes to shareholders who had purchased stock before the ex-date of May 5, 2024.

When investing in dividend stocks, there are a few important dates to keep in mind. These dates will tell an investor when they will receive the dividends and whether or not us dollar to forint exchange rate they are eligible to receive the latest dividend. On February 1, Company A declares a dividend that will be paid to its shareholders on March 30; this is the payment date.

The company declared the dividend on Feb. 19, 2024, and the record date was set as May 6, 2024. Only shareholders who purchased the stock before the ex-dividend date are entitled to the payment. One investing strategy, called “dividend capture,” refers to an attempt to collect the dividend and immediately sell the stock.

Depending on your broker’s trading platform, you may see an XD footnote or suffix added to the stock’s ticker symbol to indicate it is trading ex-dividend. As it approaches the date, the stock will typically increase in price by the expected dividend amount. After the ex-dividend date, when future investors are not entitled to receive the dividend, the stock price will usually fall by the estimated dividend payment amount. The ex-dividend date is the day on which all shares bought and sold no longer come attached with the right to be paid the most recently declared dividend. This is an important date for any company that has many stockholders, including those that trade on exchanges, as it makes reconciliation of who is to be paid the dividend easier.

With the dividend already secured, investors may have less reason to hold on to the stock — and an uptick in selling can push its share price lower. For example, if a company announces it will pay a dividend on Sept. 1 to shareholders of record as of Aug. 25, the ex-dividend date for the stock would take place on Aug. 24. To receive the dividend payment, it would be necessary to own shares when the stock market closed on August one trading day before the ex-dividend date. As a stock approaches its ex-dividend date, investors may be incentivized to purchase the stock so that they will be shareholders of record and eligible to receive the upcoming payout.

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